雅思口语:高分口语组织能力分享!

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所属分类:雅思备考百科

雅思口语中,不是说你说的快,词汇用的多就万事大吉了,说话的逻辑性和清晰性也是考察的重点,而这个也就是我们今天要说的口语组织能力。

我们在表达的时候讲究条理清晰,内容明白。这时候我们其实是可以用中文的表达结构来进行一些分析:

 起一承一 ( 合 )

例如:

Why do some people like collecting things?

下面这个7分水平的答案是典型的“ 起一承一 ( 合 ) " 结 构 。

I guess there can be a variety of reasons. Some people collect things simply because they have too much spare time and need more personal pleasure. Others may think of collecting stuff as a means to make investments. Actually I even know people who collect things just to show them off to their neighbours.

所谓 “ 起一承一 ( 合 ) ” 结 构, 就是先回答问题, 然后沿着这个方向顺着往下再说几句。 最后如果有必要还可以再总结一句 ( 合 ) ,不过最后的总结很 多时候是可 以自然省略的。再比如下面这个考题 .

What do you think of traveling?

下面的7分答案就是典型的 “起一承一合 " 式 。

(起)Traveling is fun/stimulating. I feel energised when I travel(承)Also, I make friends during trips to other places. (承) And of course, traveling expands your outlook…(合)I guess that's exactly why so many people travel around these days.

“ 起一承一 ( 合 ) " 式的优点:逻辑比较简单明 白,向同一个方向展开内容就可以了 。

“ 起一承一 ( 合 ) " 式的缺点:口语不太好的同学有时候候会发现答案说不长。但客观地说如果你的口语目标只是6分,答案本来也不需要很长,基本平均起来2-3句话的答案应付一个chat已经足够(当然长度只是一个方面,不是机械的,更重要的是看内容和英文表达方式 ) 。

 

自由式

在考场实战中,我们其实没有必要使每个问题都有一个鲜明的结构。所谓的“起一承一转一(合)”式与“ 起一承一 ( 合 ) " 式,也只是供参考的思路。很多问题,我们的答案其实是没有明显的结构。只要答案充实,只要英文地道,就没有什么值得我们害怕的。

比如下面的7分答案就使用了十分随意的结构,用的都是最简单的连词,但是逻辑已经很复杂了了。

How can people control the pollution in your city?

Well, there're plenty of ways to do that. For instance, if we control the number of cars, then there'll definitely be less poisonous gas. And if we move the factories to other places, the air just won't be so stuffy anymore. But as a matter of fact, it seems it's very unlikely those things could be done immediately because the city government already have too many things to take care of.

 

起一承一转一(合)

例如:

How do people feel about rain?

下面的答案就是典型的“起一承一转一(合)”结构。

Humm, it seems to me like some people love rainy days because rain feels kind of romantic.

In contrast, some others may totally hate rain because they have a hard time getting around on rainy days. So you see, the feeling may vary from person to person.

起一承一转一(合)”式即是先回答问题,然后开始说其中一方面,接下来再说另一方面。没方面各说多少其实是比较随意的,没必要机械,重要确保不说空话就可以饿了。最后的“合”部分,可以选择省略。

例如:

Do you like partying?

下面的7分答案就使用了“起一承一转一(合)”式

(起)It really depends.(承)Sometimes when I feel lonely, I go partying with friends of mine.(转)But when I'm busy or when I feel under the weather, partying would be the last thing I want to do.

起一承一转一(合)”的优缺点正好与“ 起一承一 ( 合 ) " 式相反:它的内容比较容易说的多一点,因为毕竟两方面都可以说。但是相应的,它的结构也要复杂一些。

 

以上就是雅思口语高分口语组织能力的分享,我们可以看出要想让雅思口语的回答内容显得更易懂更有逻辑性,一些表示起承转合的连接词语可以帮助我们。

雅思口语

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